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Stained glass cat lampshade and base.
When my husband first proposed that I write an article on stained glass in lampshades, I think he was surprised. As he said, “There isn’t anything special about it, you just look in a catalog and pick out what you like.” I think he also realized that I don’t like working with glass and don’t know enough about it. I had my doubts, so after researching it, I asked him, “Why on earth are you encouraging me to write about lampshades?”
His response was, “Lampshades are something most of the people can relate to, they are a part of their lives and their history. You can even write about glass in its own right, without lampshades, as it has a history of its own.” He’s right, you can write about lampshades in its own right, and many have.
I started writing the first version of the article. I began by describing the earliest known glass lampshades. These were used in Europe during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, as evidenced by stained glass scenes of the Virgin Mary or the Christ child surrounded by animals. Then I went on to describe the various shades of glass that were available, as well as other materials used in the manufacture of lampshades.
When I got to the glass, I realized there were many types and types that were unique. This led to a lot of research and many more questions that I still have. I wanted to understand glass better, so I decided to write a separate article for the online newsletter I’m writing for the International Center for Glass Art (ICGA). In it, I discuss the historical developments and the different materials used to make glass.
In the second version of the article, I went further. There are many types of stained glass lamps. These include trompe l’oeil lamps, which use mirrors to give the appearance of a stained glass window, and the much-admired stained glass lamps, which are the subject of this article.
I decided to call the lamps, “stained glass lamps,” instead of stained glass lamps. This is because there are many types of lamps that are made from stained glass. In addition, I have found it to be a very inclusive term. I have seen stained glass lamps made out of metals, as well as wood, paper, leather, cloth, and even plastic. The only limitations are the materials that are available and ones that can be used to produce a functional lamp.
I would like to explain the terms that I use. “Stained glass” is the actual glass itself, which may have been hand painted, etched, colored, or otherwise treated. A lampshade is a material or other device that covers a lamp and gives it the appearance of a stained glass lampshade. It may not be “stained” at all. It may only be painted, dyed, or otherwise treated to look like it is stained. It may be made of glass or plastic or any other material. The shade may also cover a different type of lamp, such as a globe or an incandescent lamp.
I do not consider a metal, wood, or any other material a lampshade, even if it is painted, dyed, or otherwise treated to give the impression of a stained glass lampshade. However, I include all of these in my definition of stained glass lamps. For example, metal or wood shades with painted or otherwise treated glass are used to give the illusion of a stained glass lampshade.
I have included in this article the definitions of the materials used in stained glass lamps.
Materials Used in Stained Glass Lampshades
The word “glass” is generally used to refer to transparent material. It can be used to describe both natural and synthetic materials. Natural glass is made of a volcanic explosion of sand. It can be colored or be clear, that is, it can be clear glass, which appears to be clear but is actually colored, or it can be tinted.
Natural glass is made by forming and blowing a mass of molten glass. This is done by mixing raw materials with the correct proportions, and heating them to their melting point. The glass is then blown into shape with a hot air blast.
The material is then annealed in a kiln at a temperature above the melting point. This annealing process gives the glass its strength. It also gives it its clarity. The color comes from additives, which are added to the molten glass, either before or after it has been annealed.
The additives may be added to change the appearance of the glass. For example, it may be given a greenish-blue or red color by adding cobalt, iron, or copper. It may also be given a white or brown color by adding magnesium or sodium. In addition, it can be dyed with one or more colors. For example, it can be dyed black, white, red, pink, orange, yellow, blue, green, or violet. Finally, it can be etched or colored in a desired pattern.
To make stained glass glass, you need to be able to get the glass, to treat it, and to make it into the finished product. In the past, the glass was melted in furnaces, then the melted glass was poured into molds and formed. Today, it is poured into molds and is blown into shape.
However, there were some early stained glass lamps that were made by hand. This required glass to be melted and then cut with a tool that was held in the hand. When the hand became too tired or the weather became too cold, it had to be heated again and reheated.
This was very labor intensive, and the results were not uniform. This type of glass can be very brittle and could crack or break.
As technology advanced, a better process was developed. A glassmaker melted the glass in a furnace and then, with the use of a crane, lifted it into a mold